Wednesday, September 18, 2019

Dental tourism (also known as dental travel or global healthcare) is the process in which patients travel to other destinations for dental services.

The term dental tourism may sound strange and exotic to some people; but in fact it is a rapidly growing phenomenon Spurred on by an increasingly empowered patient base searching for quality, affordability, availability, and accessibility in dentistry.

Some people have the erroneous impression that patients are flying for dental surgery to a dilapidated jungle clinic in some third world country – followed by bungee jumping. The opposite is true. Most patients are receiving care in high-end clinics located in all areas of Spain, and will plan their trip to allow enough time for a prudent recuperation period before heading home.

Regardless of the reason, the common denominator in all dental tourism related activities is that patients are traveling away from their home region to access these services.

Dental Treatments


A composite filling is a tooth-colored plastic and glass mixture used to restore decayed teeth. Composites are also used for cosmetic improvements of the smile by changing the color of the teeth or reshaping disfigured teeth

A filling is a way to restore a tooth damaged by decay back to its normal function and shape. When a dentist gives you a filling, he or she first removes the decayed tooth material, cleans the affected area, and then fills the cleaned out cavity with a filling material

A root canal is a treatment used to repair and save a tooth that is badly decayed or becomes infected. During a root canal procedure, the nerve and pulp are removed and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and sealed. Without treatment, the tissue surrounding the tooth will become infected and abscesses may form.


Simple extractions are performed when the tooth is above the gumline and can be removed with a lifter and forceps. The process and healing time are both quick. This may be used for a decayed tooth or a tooth that is broken but is still above the gumline.

To lighten tooth colour by up to six or eight shades and are the second most popular treatment. The latest, most expensive method is laser tooth whitening, in which a hydrogen peroxide solution painted onto a patient’s teeth is subjected to a strong light that speeds up the lightening process

Tooth whitening lightens teeth and helps to remove stains and discoloration. Whitening is among the most popular cosmetic dental procedures because it can greatly improve how your teeth look. Most dentists perform tooth whitening. Whitening is not a one-time procedure.


Control of tooth movements is enhanced when appliances are fixed to the teeth. While removable orthodontic appliances can only tip teeth, fixed appliances can produce any type of tooth movement. By applying certain controlled forces to the tooth crown via the fixed appliance, apical and bodily movements, as well as rotations can be obtained. Controlled intrusion and extrusion of teeth are also possible.

ClearCorrect clear aligners straighten teeth invisibly, without metal braces

Orthognathic surgery /ˌɔrθəɡˈnæθɨk/ is surgery to correct conditions of the jaw and face related to structure, growth, sleep apnea, TMJ disorders, malocclusion problems owing to skeletal disharmonies, or other orthodontic problems that cannot be easily treated with braces.

Just like your teeth, your removable dental appliance requires daily care and professional dental maintenance. Removable oral appliances are susceptible to dental calculus buildup, staining and breakage — but proper care can enhance the life of your appliance. Care will vary from appliance to appliance so ask your dentist about dental care guidelines for your apparatus.


Laser-assisted new attachment procedure (the LANAP protocol) is a surgical therapy designed for the treatment of periodontitis through regeneration rather than resection. This therapy and the laser used to perform it have been in use since 1994.

Laser cleaning is a process that removes scale, oxides, dust and oil from materials. Using a short-pulse laser, the surface is cleaned to the bare metal quickly and with minimal heat affect. It can be an in-line or batch process performed directly prior to a process that requires a clean, bare metal surface

Dental cleanings involve removing plaque (soft, sticky, bacteria infested film) and tartar (calculus) deposits that have built up on the teeth over time. Your teeth are continually bathed in saliva which contains calcium and other substances which help strengthen and protect the teeth.

People who regularly practice good oral hygiene at home with proper brushing and flossing techniques typically do not experience discomfort during a cleaning. However, those who have neglected their oral hygiene habits may experience some discomfort or sensitivity during a dental cleaning. The dentist can use a topical anesthetic before the cleaning to alleviate any discomfort.


When there is not sufficient jaw bone available for the placement of dental implants, bone grafting can be used to replace improve the volume of the quality of the bone.

Its is a surgical procedure that involves replacing missing bone with a material called a bone graft.

The graft materials most commonly used are synthetic or bovine bone substitutes, or the patient’s own bone if we can obtain this from within the oral cavity.

Grafting may sometimes be required in advance of dental implants. The grafts are then allowed to heal for a period of 6 to 12 months before the implants can be placed.

Gingival flap surgery is a type of gum procedure. The gums are separated from the teeth and folded back temporarily. This allows a dentist to reach the root of the tooth and the bone. Gingival flap surgery is used to treat gum disease (periodontitis).

After surgery the gums will heal and fit more tightly around the tooth. This sometimes results in the teeth appearing longer. Bone and Tissue Grafts. In addition to flap surgery, your periodontist or dentist may suggest procedures to help regenerate any bone or gum tissue lost to periodontitis.

Osseous surgery is a treatment for the gum disease called periodontitis. People with periodontitis develop holes called defects in the bone around their teeth. Osseous surgery reshapes the bone to get rid of the defects. This procedure is often used to treat bone loss around multiple teeth

Scaling and root planing, otherwise known as conventional periodontal therapy, non-surgical periodontal therapy, or deep cleaning, is the process of removing or eliminating the etiologic agents – dental plaque, its products, and calculus – which cause inflammation,[1] thus helping to establish a periodontium that is free of disease. Periodontal scalers and periodontal curettes are some of the tools involved.


Soft tissue grafting is often necessary to combat gum recession.  Periodontal disease, trauma, over-brushing, and poor tooth positions are the leading causes of gum recession,  leading to tooth-root exposure.

When the roots of the teeth become exposed, eating hot and cold foods can be uncomfortable, decay is more prevalent and the aesthetic appearance of the smile is altered.  The main goal of soft tissue grafting is to either cover the exposed root or to thicken the existing gum tissue in order to halt further tissue loss.


It is not unusual for the patient to present for a consultation at the oral surgeon’s office and be informed at some point in the discussion that he or she may require a “bone graft” in order to maximize the outcome of dental implant surgery. While this sounds pretty scary at first, the truth is that bone grafting in the oral cavity today is a routine, predictable and painless procedure.

Corrective jaw surgery includes the correction of misaligned upper and lower jaws and teeth, and often other structures such as the chin and cheek bones. The primary goal is to correct your function, improving speaking, chewing, and breathing. Often this procedure can also dramatically enhance your appearance.

If a wisdom tooth doesn’t have room to grow (impacted wisdom tooth), resulting in pain, infection or other dental problems, you’ll likely need to have it pulled. Wisdom tooth extraction may be done by a dentist or an oral surgeon.

Reconstructive dentistry refers to the set of procedures designed to replace missing teeth, repair damaged teeth, correct improperly seated jaw joints and faulty bites, address jawbone and gum damage, replace worn-out dental work, and, in some cases, treat diseases of the mouth. Each of these reconstructive procedures may be performed independently, but when multiple oral health problems exist, full mouth reconstruction may be advised.

A sinus lift is surgery that adds bone to your upper jaw in the area of your molars and premolars. It’s sometimes called a sinus augmentation. The bone is added between your jaw and the maxillary sinuses, which are on either side of your nose.

Tooth reimplantation is when a tooth is put back in place that has been knocked out (avulsed). Tooth reimplantation is an emergency dental procedure. The tooth may be knocked out of the gum socket or partially dislodged from the gum socket during a high impact sport or activity.



Missing teeth can be a blow to anyone’s self-esteem.  A dental bridge is a safe, fairly simple way to replace missing teeth, restoring your smile and confidence.  Bridges are fixed, meaning they don’t come out; though there are many options, the most popular is made of porcelain, to match your teeth, attached to metal.  Two crowns cover the teeth on either side, with the artificial tooth or teeth attached in between.

People have fixed bridges not just to fill in empty space, but also to maintain facial shape, prevent other teeth from drifting, and restore chewing, speaking, and smiling abilities.  Additionally, many people wish to upgrade from a removable partial denture to a permanent appliance.  Fixed bridges are durable, though they may need replacement or re-cementing throughout their life.

The fixed acrylic bridge is screwed to the implants and cannot be removed by you. Unlike dentures, the fixed acrylic bridge is fused to metal, therefore, you will not have anything touching the mouth palate, the bridge will be going over your gum with a fixed bridge.


Nobel Biocare is a company that manufactures dental implants and CAD/CAM-based individualized prosthetics and is headquartered in Kloten, Switzerland near the Zürich Airport. Nobel Biocare in its current form was founded in 2002. It originates in a partnership formed in 1978 between Swedish medical researcher Professor Per-Ingvar Brånemark and Bofors, a Swedish company, to industrialize Brånemark’s discovery of osseointegration (the fusing of titanium with bone) Nobel Biocare is listed at the SIX Swiss Exchange.

Abutment supported porcelain fused to metal crown (noble metal) A single metal-ceramic crown restoration that is retained, supported and stabilized by an abutment on an implant; may be screw retained or cemented.

An implant-supported denture is a type of overdenture that is supported by and attached to implants. A regular denture rests on the gums, and is not supported by implants. An implant-supported denture is used when a person doesn’t have any teeth in the jaw, but has enough bone in the jaw to support implants.

A dental implant (also known as an endosseous implant or fixture) is a surgical component that interfaces with the bone of the jaw or skull to support a dental prosthesis such as a crown, bridge, denture, facial prosthesis or to act as an orthodontic anchor. The basis for modern dental implants is a biologic process called osseointegration where materials, such as titanium, form an intimate bond to bone. The implant fixture is first placed, so that it is likely to osseointegrate, then a dental prosthetic is added. A variable amount of healing time is required for osseointegration before either the dental prosthetic (a tooth, bridge or denture) is attached to the implant or an abutment is placed which will hold a dental prosthetic.

A dental implant is really a very simple titanium cylinder, which is designed to be placed into the bone of the jaw and to allow for the attachment of a (prosthetic) tooth at the top. Implants are made of Medical grade Titanium or Titanium Alloy. The implants come in steril packaging and are placed in a small hole in the bone which has been prepared as part of the implant placement procedure. The bone will fuse to the implant over a short period of time in a process referred to as “Osseo-integration”. Once the process is successfully completed (3 to 6 months) the implant is permanently in place and is ready for restorative dentistry.

Complete dentures are difficult to wear, at best.  Implants can be used underneath removable dentures to eliminate many of the problems associated with denture wear.

In the upper denture, most people complain about having the palate of their mouth covered, thus decreasing the ability to feel and taste food.  Four implants under an upper denture hold it securely so that the size of the plate can be reduced, removing the palate from the denture altogether.


A crown is a restoration that covers or caps a tooth, restoring it to its normal size and shape while strengthening it and improving its appearance. Crowns are necessary when the tooth is broken down to the point where a filling won’t be effective.

With this dental procedure code, the prosthetic crown is completely constructed of high noble metal, and covers the entire remaining portion of the tooth. A crown that includes high noble metal, is designated as such because at least 60% of its composition is of the noble metals gold, platinum, palladium, and silver. Of that 60%, at least 40% of that percentage needs to be gold in order to earn this distinction from the Dental Association. Noble metals are known to interact with human tissue well, and hold up to corrosion and oxidation better than other metals. The higher the percentage of noble metals, the less likely a crown is to corrode or oxidize.

Both crowns and most bridges are fixed prosthetic devices. Unlike removable devices such as dentures, which you can take out and clean daily, crowns and bridges are cemented onto existing teeth or implants, and can only be removed by a dentist. A crown is used to entirely cover or “cap” a damaged tooth.

In dentistry, an inlay is usually an indirect restoration (filling) consisting of a solid substance (as gold, porcelain or less often a cured composite resin) fitted to a cavity in a tooth and cemented into place.

Dental inlays and onlays are indirect fillings used to recreate the tooth anatomy and function after the decay is removed from the tooth. They can be fabricated with porcelain, composite resin, or even gold. The purpose of inlays and onlays is to strengthen teeth or replace old or damaged fillings

There are circumstances when a tooth needs to be restored with a crown and your doctor may recommend a porcelain-fused-to-gold crown or an all gold crown. Sometimes people have such a strong bite that the metal reenforcement under the porcelain is necessary to endure chewing forces. When performed by a quality ceramist these restorations can still be highly aesthetic and more cost efficient than all ceramic or all gold crowns. Your dentist may also recommend all gold in some circumstances. Teeth can be very short in the back of the mouth and occasionally there is not enough tooth structure, after reduction by the dentist, to have room for a porcelain-fused-to-gold crown. Porcelain has to have a certain thickness or the crown may fracture. When there is limited room in these places your dentist may recommend an all gold crown. Gold is a great material because it is gentle on opposing teeth when you are chewing, and the gums typically have little irritation from gold crowns.

Porcelain veneers are thin shells of medical-grade ceramic that are attached to the front surfaces of teeth for an immediate smile transformation. Individually crafted for each patient, these cosmetic enhancements are made from advanced material that closely resembles the appearance of natural dental enamel.

In dentistry, a veneer is a layer of material placed over a tooth, either to improve the aesthetics of a tooth or to protect the tooth’s surface from damage. There are two main types of material used to fabricate a veneer: composite and dental porcelain.

A zirconia crown is a popular type of all-ceramic crown which is worn to improve the appearance of a tooth which has become stained or disfigured over the years. They are durable, easy to wear and long lasting.


Dental braces (also known as braces, orthodontic cases, or cases) are devices used in orthodontics that align and straighten teeth and help to position them with regard to a person’s bite, while also working to improve dental health. They are often used to correct underbites, as well as malocclusions, overbites, open bites, deep bites, cross bites, crooked teeth, and various other flaws of the teeth and jaw. Braces can be either cosmetic or structural. Dental braces are often used in conjunction with other orthodontic appliances to help widen the palate or jaws and to otherwise assist in shaping the teeth and jaws.

Dentures, also known as false teeth, are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth; they are supported by the surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. Conventional dentures are removable (removable partial denture or complete denture).

Dentures are removable false teeth made of acrylic (plastic), nylon or metal. They fit snugly over the gums to replace missing teeth and eliminate potential problems caused by gaps. 

Gaps left by missing teeth can cause problems with eating and speech, and teeth either side of the gap may grow into the space at an angle. Sometimes, all the teeth need to be removed and replaced.

Teeth may be mounted on acrylic as well as cobalt-chromium dentures in acrylic resin, pre-fabricated porcelain as well as custom-made porcelain veneers maximising aesthetics. Dentures replacing single, multiple or full arches of missing teeth may be done in acrylic resin or acrylic resin with a metal framework. The advantages of the acrylic resin denture are its cost, colour and good aesthetics. The main disadvantage is the thickness required to strengthen the resin. Cobalt chromium dentures offer excellent rigidity, thickness to a bare minimum and a tight fit eliminating mobility. Its disadvantage is the potential visualisation of metal from certain angles as well as the body’s rare allergic reaction due to its composition.

An immediate denture is a complete denture or partial denture inserted on the same day, immediately following the removal of natural teeth.

Implant therapy is prescribed for people that have one, multiple or all of their teeth missing. People with multiple or all of their teeth missing typically have complete or partial dentures; this treatment option is called Overdentures. Overdentures are replacement teeth retained by dental implants. Overdentures were developed to help both partial and fully edentulous patients regain a quality of life, which most likely has been missing since they lost their teeth.

A flexible partial is a removable dental prosthesis that restores 2 or more missing natural teeth. It usually consists of replacement teeth set in pink flexible material. There are no wire clasps placed around the natural teeth as in the conventional partials. Instead, the flexible material is molded around the natural teeth to assist in retention of the partial. The rest stops are usually placed on the natural teeth to prevent the partial from putting too much pressure on the gums during chewing. It is worth all efforts to save lower teeth, so they can be used to support the partial denture.

This is a removable partial denture that is made when a patient’s lower or upper jaw has more than two natural teeth, which can be used as anchors for the partial dentures. They are used to replace missing teeth and restore smiles. Metal frame partial dentures also prevent the creation of spaces between teeth due to drifting. They also ease chewing and improve speech. The replacement teeth are either gum-colored or pink plastic bases that have metal frame connections. Metal frame partial dentures are more durable than their acrylic counterpart, and therefore are more expensive. They also require a longer time to fabricate.


Each prosthesis is individually designed to restore aesthetic balance and symmetry to the face. Facial prostheses improve function by closing open defects, protecting sensitive tissue, and supporting eyeglasses and/or hearing devices. You can expect a facial prosthesis uniquely created for you. Everything about our process—from determining how your prosthesis will be retained to fabrication—is personalized to meet your needs. We mimic the texture, color, and translucency of your skin to create a silicone facial prosthesis with a natural appearance. Your prosthesis will be lifelike, comfortable, secure, durable and safe.


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